Fernald WildNet taxon ID 10205 Alternate name(s) spiny burrgrass innocent weed hedgehog grass gentle annie bohena beauty Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source This profile data is sourced … Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. Other common names for Cenchrus longispinus are Matted Sandbur and Long-spined Sandbur. Paniceae. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to longispinus (Hack.) Common Name: SANDBUR Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Species: Cenchrus longispinus. Poaceae. SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-69-005: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Cenchrus echinatus f. longispina Hack. Editor. However, Crabgrasses produce finger-like spikes of flowers that lack burs. Its fruits are clumped into " burrs " with sharp, barbed spines that can penetrate the hides and mouth of grazing animals. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. multiple from base, tufted, spreading and ascending, mat-forming and rooting at nodes, compressed, smooth. Cenchrus longispinus; Preferred Common Name. Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. click thumbnail to see a larger image . (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Cenchrus pauciflorus Botanical name Other scientific names. Taxonomy: Cenchrus, Poaceae Category: Monocot. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #summer annual Add. utique rej. APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACMAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paniceae • Genus: Cenchrus • … Canadian: Occurs in BC, ON, QC (Brouillet et al. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth are quite similar to those of crabgrasses ( Digitaria spp. Notes. They often form large mats and can grow up to 2' in length. All Images Enlarge Image. N.C. Kingdom. Farm animals are often injured when grazing in locations where this plant is growing, often injuring their mouths and eye. 2016 Footnote 1). Scientific Name and Common Name. Cenchrus longisetus* M.C. Transmission of the Grapevine virus B by the mealybug Pseudococcus longispinus Targioni-Tozzetti (Hemiptera:Pseudococcidae) in Brazil . Basionym: Cenchrus echinatus f. longispinus Hack. EPPO Code: CCHLO. New and emerging invasive plants in the ACT. Common Names. Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. Rhodora; Journal of the New England Botanical Club. Why Is It a Noxious Weed? They can be flat, or folded lengthwise and sometimes rolled up slightly on the edges. These 'burrs' are shortly stalked (i.e. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  This plant can be invasive. Mat Sandbur is a loosely clumped summer annual grass with branching stems, referred to as culms, of up to 2.5' long. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. The light green stems or culms is covered by a sheath of leaves. ), and they even grow together in weedy lawns and other habitats. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. Classification. They can also become lodged in human clothing, causing some discomfort. Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Overview Appearance Cenchrus longispinus is an annual grass with conspicuous burs along the seedhead. Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Male P. longispinus, P. viburni, and P. ficus also mated multiple times during their lifetimes (maximum of 9, 11, and 19 times, respectively). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. spiny burrgrass (Cenchrus longispinus) has seed-heads that produce spiny 'burrs'. native annual, reproducing by seed. Typically, each spike can contain 40 and occasionally up to 50 burs. (51 cm) in height. USA (most of USA and Canada), Mexico. 2013. Cenchrus longispinus. NH, NJ, MN, MV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX UT, VA, TV WA, WI, WV, WY, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a. longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cenchrus longispinus is a species of grass, also known as spiny burr grass or gentle Annie. References . Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter : Nastus carolinianus (Walter) Lunell : Cenchrus pauciflorus var. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald . Name . References: Hilty, J. Family: Poaceae. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) The leaves, that can reach lengths of up to 6", form along the entire length of the stems. When dried, the burs become sharp and attach to the clothing or shoelaces of passersby. Longspine sandbur was changed from a Class B to a Class C noxious weed in 2013. Cenchrus longispinus Fernald. : not known to be. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. Fern. The spike is enclosed by a leaf sheath. Sheaths may reach 20 in. Leaves. Plantae – Plants. (Crabgrasses). Mat Sandbur is a summer annual grass. C. longispinus stems are somewhat flattened and hairless and has a fibrous root system. Sometimes they even grow together in weedy lawns. Common Name(s): Long-Spined Sandbur; Previously known as: Cenchrus pauciflorus var. Fernald: Family: Poaceae: Common Names: mat sandbur, longspine sandbur: Eastern Washington: Probably introduced: Conservation Status: Notes: Click on any image to enlarge it. Several culms are produced from the base that may sprawl along the ground or stand in an ascending fashion. Family. It is native to the central and eastern United States. Preferred name: Cenchrus longispinus. form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is also considered a winter annual, that is, it can live for one year, with a winter included. Fernald: Common Name: SANDBUR, SANDSPUR: Coefficient of Conservatism: 0 Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Nt A-Grass. Cenchrus longispinus. They may have a reddish color near the base. More photos of Cenchrus longispinus in CalPhotos. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth is quite similar to Digitaria spp. Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: … Leaves with sheath keeled, margins glabrous or pilose; ligule reduced to a densely ciliate rim; blade 3–12 mm wide, glabrous to pubescent, scabrid. Common names: mat sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (mat sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 2 feet tall and is found in the Central Valley, Modoc Plateau area, and the south coast and desert ranges of California. Jansen & Wacht. They can also attach themselves to vehicle tires or be washed to new location via rainfall. Life Cycle. Illinois Wildflowers. longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) pedicellate), have several rows of larger flattened spines (usually with 40-70 spines in total), and numerous smaller hairy bristles at their base. Cenchrus echinatus L. Show All Show Tabs southern sandbur General Information; Symbol: CEEC ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Cenchrus longispinus. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Cenchrus glaucus C.R. Fernald APNI*. NOTE: Some sites use "sandspur" and some use "sandbur" for the group common name for Cenchrus. Culms . Regulation. Each bur encloses 2-3 (-4) spikelets. Overview Appearance Cenchrus species are an annual to perennial mat forming grass, (family Poaceae) usually growing from 2-40 in. Worldwide: Native to North and South America (USDA-ARS 2016 Footnote 2).Introduced to Europe (Belgium, Italy, Ukraine) and Australia (CABI 2016 Footnote 3). Scientific name Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Spiny burrgrass; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. General Description. Long-spined sandbur. In their natural habitat, they can be found growing in sandy sites, abandoned fields and in areas that have been disturbed recently. Under certain conditions, it can persist as a biennial or perennial. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE. Cambridge, MA 45:388. Stem: 5--100(200) cm, erect or decumbent, generally bent; nodes and internodes generally glabrous; internode solid to spongy. Subkingdom. Common Name: longspine sandbur, sandspur, field sandbur, common sandbur. Common names: Bohena beauty (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; dune sandbur (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; gentle Annie (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; hedgehog grass (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; long-spine sandbur (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English; mat sandbur (Source: F NAmer) - English; … Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Rank. Cenchrus species are native to North America, Mexico, … How would I identify it? Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=18557, accessed on December 31, 2020. The flower is a spike-like clusters of 1-4" long at the stem tips. Rich. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). N of The Dalles, OR along Dallasport Rd ca. ex W. H. Wagner slide collection. The main flower stalk axis is wavy. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter, nom. Fern. source: ArcGIS Collector app, Canberra Nature Map, Atlas of Living Australia, National Herbarium. Mudaliar & Sundararaj Pennisetum cenchroides A. Growth can be erect or decumbent. Introduced in France to Romania, Morocco, Israel, Caucasus, Iran, Caribbean, Central America, South America (Venezuela, Argentina), Australia. Preferred Scientific Name. Common Name(s): field sandbur [English] innocent-weed [English] mat sandbur [English] burgrass [English] longspine sandbur [English] sandbur [English] Taxonomic Status: SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Other Common Names: mat sand bur Weed class: C Year Listed: 1988 Native to: Canada, Mexico, and parts of the United States Is this Weed Toxic? Additional rooting can take place where the nodes touch the ground. Roadsides, railroads, fields, and disturbed places generally; an obnoxious weed, especially frequent in dry sandy places but mercifully not yet common … Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Sandburs are easily recognized by their distinctive burs, which are formed by fusion of sterile branches from the flowering head. Its aggressive, invasive nature is intensified by its burs ability to latch onto the fur of animals and the clothing of passersby to be spread to other locations. It … Another common name for Cenchrus longispinus is Matted Sandbur. longispinus; Description. The fruits are contained in the spiny burs that are along the terminal panicle. Identification Notes. Johnst., Sida 1 (3): 182 (1963). Common Names. secretion, hence the common name m ealybugs. In the Carolinas, at least, "sandspur" is much the more often used -- as do Weakley (2018) and RAB (1968) -- and thus the website editors are using that group common name. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. The burs can prick the skin when dry out. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus longispinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 1943; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Common name: Mossman River Grass. Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Classification. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The upper side is rough, with a smooth lower surface. (5-100 cm) in height. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. They consist of 1 to 3 seeds each. They are enclosed in round, spine-covered, yellow-green burs. Burr Bubba73 CC BY-SA 3.0 Habitat Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0 Stem formation Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0. Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. Authority: (Hackel) Fernald. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Leaves with sheath strongly compressed, keeled, margins and throat pilose; ligule ciliate; blade scabrous to sparsely pilose, usually flat, 3–7.2 mm wide. Common Name. Cenchrus echinatus L. APNI* Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. Cenchrus longispinus. Collector app, Canberra Nature Map, Atlas of Florida PLANTS provides a of! A biennial or perennial and various oceanic islands, Mexico can be invasive for the whole:... The nodes touch the ground Dallasport Rd ca, Ahles, & Bell 1968... 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